What are the rules?
Key Learnings
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The full list of prohibited substances and methods is updated every year and it is the athletes’ responsibility to know what is allowed and what is banned.
The golden rule for all athletes is the principle of strict liability, which implies that athletes take full responsibility for what they ingest.
As an athlete you cannot refuse or disrupt a doping control test!
Sanctions for violating anti-doping regulations may range from a reprimand to a lifetime ban.
Involvement in illegal sports betting can result not only in acquiring debts or being subject to public humiliation, but also seriously damage your professional sports career.
By educating yourself about betting laws and regulations you can make sure to avoid situations that put you or your career at risk.
Learning how to limit and reduce stress in your life can help prevent it from leading to conflict.
Everybody reacts differently to conflict. Understanding and acknowledging someone’s approach to conflict is an important step to move forward and resolve the conflict before it gets out of hand.

Athlete responsibilities


As an athlete, you have certain responsibilities. The Golden Rule for all players is the principle of strict liability, which implies that:

  • You take full responsibility. You must take responsibility for what you “ingest,” meaning what you eat and drink and anything that may enter your body. The essential rule is this: if it is in your body, you are responsible for it.
  • You are responsible for knowing what substances and methods are on a prohibited list at all time.

In case of a positive doping control it will be your burden to prove how the prohibited substance entered your body. Therefore, you should always know what you eat, what supplements you use and what medication you take. In any case of doubt you should consult an expert (e.g. your team doctor) who may clarify whether or not you can consume a certain product.

The Anti-Doping world is often considered to be very complex and hard to fully understand at times. It is key for you to know where to get the right information. Ask for advice if you feel that you don’t have all the information you need.

Therefore, we herewith aim to list some important and useful sources which may answer your day to day questions linked to Anti-Doping.